store of value

Examples of Central Banks include the Federal Reserve, the Bank of England, and the Bank of Canada, shown here. Commercial banks, as required by the central bank, must keep a fraction of all accepted deposits on reserve either in bank vaults or in central bank deposits. Accordingly, store of value a nation’s central bank can maintain control of such reserves by lending to commercial banks and altering the rate of interest to be charged on such loans. These actions are known as open market operations and allow central banks to achieve a desired level of reserves.

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